Holiday Online Assessment Test – Junior Secondary 2-3 – Agricultural Science (Round 1)

Welcome to your Holiday Online Assessment Test JS 2-3 - Agricultural Science (1st Round)

Government generates revenue from agricultural activities through the following ways, except

A. export duties from cash crops
B. salaries paid to peasant farmers
C. sales of agricultural produce
D. taxes paid by agro-industries
E. taxes paid by commercial farmers
The early man wandered from place to place mainly in search of

A. food
B. friend
C. fuel
D. shelter
E. water
The practice of bush fallowing is becoming rare in Nigeria because of

A. inadequate agricultural technology
B. inadequate improved seeds
C. increasing population pressure
D. land tenure systems
E. the reducing number of farmers
The form of agriculture practised by farmers depends on the following except

A. availability of labour
B. nearness of urban areas
C. size of the farmland
D. type of soil in the area
E. vegetation of the location
Dicotyledonous plants possess

A. branches called tillers
B. fibrous root system
C. leaves without petioles
D. one seed-leaf
E. secondary root branches
Which of the following groups of crops are found in a horticultural garden?

A. Amaranthus and citrus
B. Cashew and oil palm
C. Garden egg and kola
D. Lettuce and cotton
E. Pawpaw and groundnut
Which of the following animals is reared as a pet?

A. Cat
B. Cattle
C. Fish
D. Goat
E. Sheep
The slow cooling of molten magma results in the formation of _____ rock.

A. metamorphic
B. organic
C. plutonic
D. sedimentary
E. volcanic
The layer of the earth’s crust from which plants obtain water and mineral nutrients is

A. humus
B. profile
C. rock
D. soil
E. texture
Clay soil is commonly referred to as a ‘heavy’ soil because it

A. consists of large pore spaces
B. has high mineral holding capacity
C. has poor water-retaining capacity
D. is difficult to cultivate all season
E. possesses large-sized particles
If a ribbon formed from a moistened soil sample bent to form a ‘U’ shape, the soil sample is described as

A. clayey
B. clayey loam
C. loamy
D. sandy
E. sandy clay
Which of the following soil components occupies 5% of a soil type?

A. Soil air
B. Living organism
C. Organic matter
D. Mineral matter
E. Soil water
Soil mineral matter does not include

A. clay
B. gravel
C. humus
D. sand
E. silt
An agricultural junior school leaver is qualified to be employed as a/an

A. agricultural superintendent
B. educational officer
C. graduate assistant
D. research officer
E. technical assistant
A student trained in animal health technology can best be employed as an animal

A. breeder
B. genetics
C. husbandman
D. nutritionist
E. physiologist
Which of the following farm tools is best used for trimming flowers?

A. Axe
B. Cutlass
C. Saw
D. Shears
E. Sickle
In a vegetable garden, wheel barrow is used for the following, except

A. moving manure to the farm
B. removal of harvested vegetable
C. sowing of seeds
D. transporting of seedlings
E. transporting small load of soil
Which of these is not carried out by a tractor operator daily?

A. Checking the electrolyte of the battery
B. Checking the engine oil level
C. Checking the water level in the radiator
D. Ensuring that the tyre pressure is normal
E. Replacement of worn-out parts
Combine harvester is used for harvesting

A. cereals
B. fibres
C. fruits
D. legumes
E. tubers
A tall circular or rectangular farm structure mainly used for storing grains is called

A. barn
B. crib
C. metal drum
D. rhombus
E. silo
Which of these is not a farm structure?

A. Crib
B. Office
C. Paddock
D. Rhumbus
E. Silo
The study which deals with the production and management of timber and other forest products is termed

A. floriculture
B. forest
C. forestry
D. olericulture
E. pomology
Which of the following is not an importance or forest to man?

A. Conserves soil fertility
B. Encouragement of mining activities
C. Source of foods.
D. Source of medicinal herbs
E. Provision of income
Which of the following animals is not commonly found in game reserves in Nigeria?

A. Babbon
B. Buffalo
C. Bullock
D. Elephant
E. Gorilla
An okro plant found in a maize farm is termed a

A. crop
B. flower
C. forage
D. seeding
E. weed
Weeds compete with crops for the following, except

A. nutrients
B. oxygen
C. space
D. sunlight
E. water


The weed represented by the diagram above

A. Cochorus
B. Comrnelina
C. Desmodium
D. Emilia
E. Mistletoe
Weeds can be useful in the following ways except

A. is used as mulch material
B. competes with crops for nutrients
C. conserves soil water
D. controls soil erosion
E. serves as fodder crops
The main aim of pest management practice is to

A. completely eliminate crop pest on farm land
B. destroy the host plants of crop pest on farm
C. increase crops response to pest attack
D. crop loss due to pest infestation
E reduce transmission of crop diseases by pest
The crop pest that is commonly referred to as “defoliator” is

A. aphid
B. beetle
C. cricket
D. grass cutter
E. grasshopper
Pests cause damages to crops in the following ways, except

A. eating up other pests in the farm
B. eating up the whole parts of plants
C. boring holes into various parts of plants
D. sucking juices from fruits and seeds
E. transmitting disease-causing organisms
Which of these pests does not bite and chew crops on the farms?

A. Army worm
B. Cricket
C. Grasshopper
D. Leaf beetle
E. Thrip
Good conservative practices are adopted by farmers in order to

A. avoid soil nutrient depletion
B. decrease soil microbial activities
C. produce food all year round
D. reduce indiscriminate destruction
E. reduce soil disease infection
The covering of the soil surface with leaves and grasses around plants is termed

A. earthen-up
B. manuring
C. mulching
D. tillage
E. weeding
Rill erosion on a farmland is mainly caused by

A. rain splash
B. run-off
C. soil water evaporation
D. water percolation
E. wind blow
A farmer who adopts measures to control water loss by percolation will be indirectly controlling excessive

A. desertification
B. erosion
C. evaporation
D. leaching
E. transpiration
The act of leveling a hilly or sloppy land in the form of step in order to reduce the slope length is

A. contour bunding
B. strip cropping
C. sub soiling
D. terracing
E. tillage
Planting of shade trees is adopted as a soil conservation practice because it

A. discourages organic matter decomposition
B. encourages soil disease incidence
C. favours direct heating of soil by sun
D. prevents direct dropping of rain on soil
E. supports leaching of soil nutrients
Diseases of crop plants are caused by the following, except

A. bacteria
B. fungi
C. nutrient deficiency
D. soil type
E. viruses
Which disease is not caused by fungus?

A. Fusarium wilt of tomato
B. Leaf spot of groundnut
C. Maize smut
D. Rice blast
E. Root knot of tomato
Black pod disease of cocoa is caused by

A. bacterium
B. fungus
C. nematode
D. protozoan
E. virus
The following are symptoms of cassava mosaic disease, except

A. leaf distortion
B. lesions on leaves
C. mosaic pattern on leaves
D. mottling of leaves
E. reduction in yield
Formation of galls and knotting of roots are symptoms of______ disease.

A. bacterial
B. fungal
C. nutrient deficiency
D. nematode
E. viral
A farmer who observes round spots on his rice leaves and weak rice sterns will spray

A. acaricide
B. avicide
C. fungicide
D. herbicide
E. insecticide


Which of the following farm produce can be stored for a long time using the structure shown in the diagram above?

A. Cabbage
B. Carrot
C. Cucumber
D. Irish potato
E. Soya bean


Storage of produce in the diagram shown above will achieve the following, except

A. creating unfavourable condition for pest
B. ensuring availability of produce during off- season
C. increasing farmers income
D. maintaining the value of produce
E. reducing the moisture content of produce
Yam tubers are best stored in a

A. bag
B. barn
C. crib
D. rhombus
E. silo
In western Nigeria, a basket lined with banana leaves is used for storing

A. cocoa bean
B. groundnut pods
C. kolanuts
D. palm fruits
E. sweet potatoes
Harvested pasture are best stored for silage production in a/an

A. air-tight silo
B. food crib
C. metal drum
D. mud rhumbus
E. wooden barn
Diseases are transmitted to farm animals through the following ways, except

A. air
B. contact
C. feed
D. stings
E. water
Organisms that have the ability to cause farm animal diseases are said to be —

A. genetic
B. parasitic
C. pathogenic
D. symbiotic
E. zoonotic
Which of the following is not a symptom of diseases?

A. Anaemia
B. Enlarged udder
C. Loss of hair
D. Loss of weight
E. Regurgitation
Trypanosomiasis is a common disease of

A. cattle
B. goat
C. poultry
D. rabbit
E. sheep
Swollen and eruptions on the udder of a cow are symptoms of

A. anthrax
B. aspergillosis
C. brucellosis
D. mastitis
E. rinderpest
In order to prevent losses due to disease infection in farm animals, the farmer should

A. castrate the male animals
B. maintain a clean environment
C. overstock the pen
D. provide enough drinking water
E. provide palatable feed for animals
Who should be consulted in preventing and controlling animal diseases?

A. agronomist
B. florist
C. nurse
D. nutritionist
E. veterinarian
Which of the following is not an ectoparasite?

A. Flea
B. Lice
C. Mite
D. Roundworm
E. Tick
In which part of a farm animal can ticks be found?

A. Brain
B. Large intestine
C. Mouth
D. Skin
E. Small intestine
Which of the following is not a sign of tapeworm infestation in farm animals?

A. Anaemia
B. Enlarged stomach
C. Loss of appetite
D. Loss of weight
E. Pain in the stomach
Which of the following practices will not be carried out in controlling endoparasite on the farm?

A. Grazing animals on infested pasture
B. Good sanitation
C. Regular deworming
D. Regular observation to detect signs of infestation
E. Rotational grazing
A crop plant that grows and produces seeds during the first year of growth is referred to as ______crop.

A. annual
B. biennial
C. cereal
D. legumirious
E. perennial
Which of the following classes of crops is not based on uses?

A. Annual
B. Beverages
C. Fibre
D. Latex
E. Spice
Rubber is an example of______ crop.

A. beverage
B. fibre
C. fruit
D. latex E. oil
The following crops belong to the spices group, except

A. carrot
B. garlic
C. ginger
D. hot pepper
E. onion
Which of the following is a seed fibre?

A. Cotton
B. Hemp
C. Jute
D. Kenaf
E. Sisal
Which of the following crops produces latex?

A. Cocoa
B. Coconut
C. Kolanut
D. Rubber
E. Sugar-cane
Farm animals are classified based on the following, except

A. habitat
B. product
C. size
D. stomach type
E. uses
Which of the following factors affects the distribution of farm animals in Nigeria?

A. Farmers’ economic status
B. Farming system
C. Government policies
D. Land tenure system
E. Religion of the people
Which of the following factors is responsible for low population of ruminants in southern part of Nigerian?

A. Availability of pasture
B. Hot temperature
C. low rainfall
D. prevalence of tsetsefly
E. Relative humidity
Which of the following is an aquatic animal?

A. Cattle
B. Fish
C. Goat
D. Rabbit
E. Sheep
Farm animals are useful to man in the following ways except the provision of

A. clothing
B. farm power
C. fertilizer
D. herbs
E. medicine
Dairy cattle is reared primarily for

A. meat
B. milk
C. sports
D. skin
E. work


The diagram illustrated above is

A. cocoa
B. cocoyam
C. ginger
D. onion
E. orange


The crop illustrated in the diagram above is propagated by

A. bulb
B. corm
C. rhizome
D. stem tuber
E. sucker
Sexual propagation requires ______ as planting material.

A. bulbs
B. corms
C. rhizomes
D. seeds
E. suckers
The following are advantages of sexual propagation except that

A. plants grown from seeds are not uniform in growth
B. seeds are cheap to get
C. seeds are convenient to transport
D. seeds can be stored for a long period
E. stored seeds remain viable for long period
Which of the following is a planting operation?

A. Fertilizer application
B. Ridging
C. Spacing
D. Supplying
E. Thinning
Post-planting operations include the following, except

A. fertilizer application
B. mulching
C. stumping
D. watering
E. weeding
The removal of excess seedlings from a stand to avoid over-crowding of the crops is known as

A. harvesting
B. mulching
C. pruning
D. supplying
E. thinning
Mulching is required for tomato production during dry season because it

A. allows tomato roots to proliferate
B. conserves moisture for tomato growth
C. increases evapotranspiration of moisture
D. reduces tomato pest infestation
E. suppresses pest in the tomato farm
The factors that determine the adoption of farming systems in an area include the following, except

A. family size
B. rainfall
C. soil fertility
D. soil texture
E. temperature
A cropping system whereby the crop planted first is harvested first is called

A. crop rotation
B. interplanting
C. mono-cropping
D. mono culture
E. relay cropping
The system of growing different crops on the same piece of land season-after-season in a systematic manner is referred to as

A. continuous cropping
B. crop rotation
C. mixed farming
D. mono-cropping
E. multiple cropping
A farmer who grows early maize in April on a piece of land and alter harvesting decides to plant late maize on the same land in August is practising

A. crop rotation
B. intercropping
C. mixed cropping
D. multiple cropping
E. relay cropping
In planning crop rotation, deep rooted crops follow shallow rooted crops because they

A. adjust the rate of tillage done on soil
B. balance the use of nutrient from soil horizons
C. neutralize the fertilizer applied on the soil
D. normalize the soil cation exchange capacity
E. regularize the framers harvest from land
What is added to the soil when the leaves of cover crops fall down and decay?

A. Disease organism
B. Inorganic manure
C. Insect pest
D. Mineral matter
E. Organic matter
The following are macro nutrients required by plants, except

A. boron
B. calcium
C. magnesium
D. nitrogen
E. phosphorus
The following crops have root nodules and supply nitrogen to the soil, except

A. cowpea
B. groundnut
C. maize
D. mucuna
E. soybean
Poor shoot and root development is a deficiency symptom of

A. boron
B. calcium
C. manganese
D. phosphorus
E. sulphur
A soil fertility maintenance practice which can discourage weed infestation on the farmland is

A. bush fallowing
B. cover cropping
C. crop rotation
D. fertilizer application
E. organic manuring
The following are sources of proteins, except

A. cowpea
B. egg
C. fish
D. meat
E. oat
Which of the following is an example of succulent feed?

A. Bone meal
B. Fish meal
C. Hay
D. Silage
E. Straw
Which of the following is not a routine management practice in cattle production?

A. Castration
B. Debeaking
C. Dehorning
D. Identification
E. Weaning
The main aim of any poultry farmer is to produce

A. eggs and feathers
B. eggs and manure
C. feathers and meat
D. meat arid egg
E. meat and skin
‘Hutches’ refers to the housing unit for

A. domestic fowl
B. pig
C. rabbit
D. sheep
E. snail
The management system in which the animals are kept in portable houses moved at frequent intervals is known as ________ system.

A. battery cage
B. deep lifter
C. fold unit
D. free range
E. intensive
Which of the following does not determine the type of feed given loan animal?

A. Age of the animal
B. Availability of the feed
C. Breed of the animal
D. Digestive system of the animal
E. Purpose for which the animal is kept
The process of separating young animals from their mother so that they can be fed independently is termed

A. culling
B. feeding
C. herding
D. rearing
E. weaning


The following by-products can be obtained from the animal shown in the diagram above, except

A. animal feed
B. cod-liver oil
C. drug
D. fertilizer
E. wool
The animal in the diagram above can be classified based on

A. age
B. habitat
C. product
D. shape
E. size
Which of the following is an example of wounding gear for fishing?

A. Gourds
B. Nets
C. Screens
D. Spears
E. Traps
Which of the following is not a common method of fish preservation in Nigeria?

A. Canning
B. Freezing
C. Irradiation
D. Salting
E. Smoking
The main aim of farmers in agricultural business is to

A. maximize profit
B. increase cost of production
C. increase land area for production
D. market their produce immediately alter harvest
E. obtain loan from commercial banks
Which of the following activities in a pineapple orchard will not empower an illiterate youth economically?

A. Buying and consuming of pineapple juice
B. Harvesting and processing of pineapple fruits
C. Loading and off loading of pineapple suckers
D. Packaging and advertising of pineapple juice
E. Sorting and grading of pineapple fruits
A young school leaver who is self-employed in livestock production for financial empowerment will have the following products for sale, except

A. egg
B. juice
C. meat
D. milk
E. wool
Use the information below to answer the question

An oil palm company produces, processes and sells her oil palm yearly to a soap producing company that buys off the supply directly without the help of wholesalers and retailers.

What type of market did both companies establish?

A. Consumer
B. Industrial
C. International
D. Invisible
E. Local
Use the information below to answer the question

An oil palm company produces, processes and sells her oil palm yearly to a soap producing company that buys off the supply directly without the help of wholesalers and retailers.

If the company decides to sell its products through wholesalers and retailers, which of the following marketing activities can it adopt to create awareness

A. Advertisement
B. Grading
C. Merchandizing
D. Packaging
E. Warehousing
The following are agricultural marketing activities, except

A. advertisement
B. grading
C. packaging
D. production
E. transportation
The market price of an agricultural produce is usually low’ when it passes through a channel represented as

A. assembler — retailer — consumer
B. assembler— wholesaler—,consumer
C. producer— commodity board ----consumer
D. producer—, wholesaler—consumer
E. wholesaler ----retailer----- consumer
Which of these can be stored in a dried form?

A. Coconut
B. Guava
C. Mangoes
D. Pawpaw
E. Wheat
The following agricultural produce can be stored in a refrigerator, except

A. egg
B. fish
C. groundnut
D. meat
E. milk
The process by which the life of a farm produce is extended for a period of time is known as

A. harvesting
B. marketing
C. planting
D. preservation
E. production
Agricultural co-operatives are formed by people who have

A. common initiatives
B. common interest in farming
C. huge capital
D. big farms
E. management skills
The first step to be considered when establishing an agricultural co-operative society is

A. clarification of business purpose
B. developing business plan
C. membership drive
D. preliminary exploration
E. preparation of legal document
To appoint a president, consumer co-operative society will need a member who is

A. dishonest
B. enthusiastic
C. illiterate
D. selfish
E. unwilling
A cocoa co-operative society which produces surplus tonnes of cocoa beans after pulling their resources together should

A. charge fine on members for surplus production
B. deviate from cocoa to coffee production
C. distribute surpluses to members as gift
D. procure storage and preservation facilities
E. reduce their total resource next season
The following items are bought and sold in stock exchange market, except

A. bonds
B. companies
C. farm machinery
D. securities
E. shares
Stockbrokers differ from stockholders because stockbrokers

A. participate in election of board of directors
B. purchase newly advertised shares of the company
C. purchase the company’s unviable fixed assets
D. represent potential sellers and buyers enterprise
E. share in the distribution of the company’s income
Which of the following is not of importance in export promotion?

A. It attracts foreign exchange
B. It creates more employment opportunities in agricultural sector
C. lt increases government revenue base through export duties
D. It increases the farmer’s income
E. It reduces cost of production
For federal government to increase her foreign exchange earnings from agriculture, which of the following crops will she promote?

A Gamba and gum arabic
B. Garlic and garden egg
C. Ginger and gum arabic
D. Grape and guinea corn
E. Guava and groundnut

Score board for Holiday Online Assessment Test - Junior Secondary 2-3 - Agricultural Science (Round 1)

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